Anaheim Regional Medical Center (ARMC) achieves optimal patient outcomes
of vascular disease through comprehensive education on prevention, diagnosis
and treatment. The methods at ARMC frequently are those that involve less
risk, minimal discomfort, rapid healing and discharge.
What is it Vascular Disease?
There are 100,000 miles of blood vessels in the adult human body. Any problem
along this vast network of blood vessels, the vascular system, can cause
severe pain, disability and death.
Vascular disease is any abnormal condition of the blood vessels (arteries
and veins). The body uses blood vessels to circulate blood through itself.
Vascular diseases outside the heart can “present” anywhere.
· ARCH BRANCHES
Arch Branches supply blood to the brain through the carotid arteries when
diseased frequently cause life threatening strokes.
· ILIAC ARTERIES
Iliac Arteries supply blood to the hips and the legs and, when diseased
develop blockages (claudication), cause leg pain with walking often in
· RENAL ARTERIES
Renal Arteries supply blood to the kidneys and, when diseased, can cause
high blood pressure and eventually, kidney failure.
· FEMORAL ARTERIES
Femoral Arteries supply blood to the legs. If they become diseased, it
may cause claudication, usually in the calf muscles. This lack of circulation
can lead to continuous pain in the toes and foot, and may progress to
critical limb ischemia (CLI).
Who is at Risk?
Everyone is at risk for vascular disease. With the increase in obesity and Type II
diabetes in Americans and as the population ages, vascular diseases are becoming
epidemic. PAD alone affects 8.5 million people. It can occur in anyone
at any time; affecting men and women equally. Atherosclerosis can begin
Vascular disease commonly occurs at sites of turbulent blood flow, such
as when the blood flow in the arteries changes direction abruptly. The
arteries below are the most common areas of turbulence.
It can be difficult to make a vascular disease diagnosis since there are
a variety of symptoms that a person can have, also
family history and a
physical examination are important.
- The physical exam may be different depending on the type of vascular disease.
In the case of a
peripheral vascular disease the physical exam consists in checking the
blood flow in the legs.
- When a physician suspects a patient has a vascular disease, the diagnosis
needs to be confirmed through vascular testing.
- Non-invasive testing is performed by a vascular technologist/sonographer.
- Different tests evaluate blood flow, perfusion (how efficiently the blood
reaches tiny capillaries in organs and tissues), and the pressure within
blood vessels both at rest and during exercise.
- Vascular tests are used to detect the presence, severity, and general location
of arterial disease.
- Most vascular tests are non-invasive and can be performed in the non-invasive
- Some testing requires placement of a catheter into a large artery in the
leg with the injection of contrast (dye) and with x-ray viewing.
Common Vascular Diseases
Vascular Treatment Services Available
Testing Performed at ARMC for Diagnosis of Vascular Disease
Vascular vs. Endovascular Surgery
FREE Smoking Cessation Program
Common Vascular Diseases
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- Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)*
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA)*
- Carotid Artery Disease (CAD)*
- ArterioVenous Malformation (AVM)
- Critical Limb Ischemia (CLI)
- Pulmonary Embolism (blood clots in lungs)
- Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
- Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI)